# The poker mathematics

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#### Jeffrey | Poker Articles, Poker Mathematics

In this article, Steve gives a general introduction to the poker mathematics.

Poker is a game of fine psychology-based decision, betting and bluffing. There’s no math involved in it whatsoever, is it? Wrong! While in high-level poker the above named elements do indeed substitute the poker mathematical aspect to a certain degree, every poker player knows that there is quite of bit of math involved in the game indeed. Even players who never stop to think about the mathematical odds involved use them all the time, when making decisions which ‘feel right’ to them. “The poker mathematics” may sound a little daunting, but once one gains a grasp on what these odds are about it becomes pretty simple.

The bottom line about the poker mathematics aspect of the game is the comparison between the pot odds and the hand equity which gives the player a mathematically correct way to proceed. Basically, what one does is that he/she calculates his/her pot odds and then compares it to his/her odds for making a potentially winning hand. The first stage of the move is to calculate your pot odds.

Suppose you’re playing for a \$40 pot and the player in front of you makes a \$10 bet. It now costs you \$10 to tag along for the ride, and to possibly take down a \$50 pot. It basically costs you \$10 to gain a shot at a \$50 pot, which means your pot odds are 50-10 = 5-1. In order to find out your pot odds, always divide the current size of the pot (make sure you take all bets and raises occurring in front of you into account) with the amount you’re required to call to stay in contention. The bigger the pot odds, the better off you are, because  the bigger these odds are, the weaker the hand you can afford to make the call on.

According to Sklansky, the pot odds can be exaggerated in such a way that it becomes a viable choice for players to make the call on just about any two cards. Obviously, this can actually be proven mathematically too.

When counting your outs, make sure you take ALL your outs into account (you may have cards which could hit you for a straight or maybe even a set in the above situation), and to disregard all your anti-outs (cards which would hit your opponent for a better hand than yours).

Rakeback and poker prop deals are also parts of poker math. Sign up for a rake rebate deal and get 30-110% of the poker rake you generate back. You really don’t have to be a mathematical genius to see how that would help you.